Associate Professor - Campus Stavanger
Riana is Associate Professor at BI Norwegian Business School, the department of Accounting Auditing and Business Analytics. She also has an Adjunct Professor position in Risk Management and Societal Safety, University of Stavanger. Riana has an MBA and PhD degree in risk management.
Steen, Riana (2019)
On the Application of the Safety-II Concept in a Security Context
European Journal for Security Research Doi: 10.1007/s41125-019-00041-0
This paper presents an alternative and broader security risk perspective, incorporat-ing uncertainty, as a two-dimensional combination of (1) threat (Th) on value (Vl), (2) vulnerability (Vu) given coping capabilities (Cc), and associated uncertainties U (will the threat scenario occur? and to what degree are we vulnerable?). Moreo-ver, this work attempts to provide an integrated approach to the safety and secu-rity fields. We look closely into the issues related to Safety-I, Safety-II and security. Whereas conventional safety management approaches (Safety-I) are based on hind-sight knowledge and risk assessments calculating historical data-based probabilities, the concept of Safety-II looks for ways to enhance the ability of organisations to be resilient in the sense that they recognise, adapt to and absorb disturbances. Three determinants that shape the Safety-II concept in the security perspective are the capacity of organisations to operate in changing circumstances; formulating strat-egies that promote a willingness to devote resources to security purposes, driven mainly by the organisation’s leader; and an organisational culture that encourage people to speak up (respond), think creatively (anticipate), and act as mindful par-ticipants (monitor and learn). Based on clarifying some of the fundamental build-ing blocks of security risk assessment, this work develops an extended security risk assessment, including an analysis of both vulnerability and resilience. The analysis explores how the system works following any type of threat scenario and determines whether key functions and operations can be sustained.
Steen, Riana (2017)
How to understand and define stress in an operational risk context
Steen, Riana & Tangenes, Tor (2017)
The trinity of resilient organisation: aligning performance management with organisational culture and strategy formation
International Journal of Business Continuity and Risk Management (IJBCRM), 7(2), s. 127- 150. Doi: 10.1504/IJBCRM.2017.10007179
In this work, we argue that resilience, as the fundamental quality needed to prosper from significant change that disrupts an organisation's expected patterns of events, depends on the organisation's culture, strategy content and formation and performance management systems. Thus, it is thought-provoking that research in the field of performance management is largely disconnected from the adjoining fields of culture, strategy formation and safety management. By discussing features of and connections between organisational culture and strategy formation for resilient organisation, we provide a platform on which a performance management framework is developed. Vital in this respect is an organisation's ability to address the factual, potential, actual and critical. On the one hand, our work aspires to shed light on and bring research attention to the trinity of organisational culture, strategy formation and performance management. On the other, our suggested resilient performance management framework contributes to make the concept of resilience operational.
Steen, Riana & Tangenes, Tor (2017)
Toward Resilient Organization: Strengthening Performance Management in an Era of Turbulent Change
Walls, Lesley; Revie, Matthew & Bedford, Tim (red.). Risk, Reliability and Safety: Innovating Theory and Practice : Proceedings of ESREL 2016 (Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 September 2016)
Steen, Riana (2015)
A risk assessment approach to support the launching of new products, services or processes
International Journal of Business Continuity and Risk Management (IJBCRM), 6(1), s. 17- 35. Doi: 10.1504/IJBCRM.2015.070347
This research paper aims to develop a practical method to highlight certain key risk factors involved in the product development process. A new definition of the term 'launch risk' is introduced in this work. The term is defined as the uncertainty about and severity of the consequences of failed launch. A risk management framework for launching is provided as well as a weighted average scoring model for launching (WASL) as an intrinsic part of the suggested framework. WASL is used to identify, evaluate and communicate the critical risk factors involved with the launching processes. Using a hypothetical launching idea, this study demonstrates how applying the suggested risk management framework can increase the ability of a firm to make better strategic decisions in relation to the launch of the new product or the modification of an existing product as a part of its overall portfolio.
Steen, Riana & Aven, Terje (2011)
A risk perspective suitable for resilience engineering
Safety Science, 49(2), s. 292- 297. Doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2010.09.003
Steen, Riana & Aven, Terje (2010)
Comparison of two cost-benefit type of analyses to support a safety related decision under large uncertainties : a case of use of wireless technology in schools
Bris, Radim; Martorell, Sebastián & Guedes Soares, C. (red.). Reliability, Risk and Safety. Theory and Applications
Aven, Terje & Steen, Riana (2010)
The concept of ignorance in a risk assessment and risk management context
Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 95(11), s. 1117- 1122. Doi: 10.1016/j.ress.2010.05.006
There are many definitions of ignorance in the context of risk assessment and risk management. Most refer to situations in which there are lack of knowledge. poor basis for probability assignments and possible outcomes not (fully) known. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the ignorance concept in this setting. Based on a set of risk and uncertainty features, we establish conceptual structures characterising the level of ignorance. These features include the definition of chances (relative frequency-interpreted probabilities) and the existence of scientific uncertainties. Based on these structures, we suggest a definition of ignorance linked to scientific uncertainties, i.e. the lack of understanding of how consequences of the activity are influenced by the underlying factors. In this way, ignorance can be viewed as a condition for applying the precautionary principle. The discussion is also linked to the use and boundaries of risk assessments in the case of large uncertainties, and the methods for classifying risk and uncertainty problems. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Aven, Terje & Steen, Riana (2010)
On the boundaries of probabilistic risk assessment in the face of uncertainties: a case of piracy and armed robberies against ships in the Gulf of Aden
International Journal of Business Continuity and Risk Management (IJBCRM), 1(2), s. 113- 124. Doi: 10.1504/IJBCRM.2010.033633
Aven, Terje & Steen, Riana (2009)
Comparisons and discussion of different integrated risk approaches
Martorell, Sebastián; Guedes Soares, Carlos & Barnett, Julie (red.). Safety, reliability and risk analysis : theory, methods and applications / editors: S. Martorell [et al.]
Smørholm, Margareth & Steen, Riana (2018)
Økonomi og ledelse: Næringslivsøkonomi
|2010||University of Stavanger||Ph.D.|
|2013 - Present||UIS, University of Stavanger (UIS)||Adjunct Associate Professor, Risk Management & Societal Safety|
|2012 - Present||BI Norwegian Business School||Associate Professor|