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Employee Profile

Øystein Løvik Hoprekstad

Associate Professor - Campus Bergen

Department of Leadership and Organizational Behaviour

Publications

Zahlquist, Lena Aadnevik; Hetland, Jørn, Einarsen, Ståle Valvatne, Bakker, Arnold B., Hoprekstad, Øystein Løvik, Espevik, Roar & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2022)

Daily interpersonal conflicts and daily exposure to bullying behaviors at work: The moderating roles of trait anger and trait anxiety

Applied Psychology Doi: 10.1111/apps.12410 - Full text in research archive

Building on the three-way model of workplace bullying and its underlying theories, this study investigates the role of trait anger and trait anxiety in the link between daily interpersonal conflicts and daily exposure to bullying behaviors. Using a quantitative diary study design, we approached 57 military naval cadets participating in a tall-ship voyage across the Atlantic, from Europe to North America, in 2017. They responded to a questionnaire on a daily basis over a period of 30 days—yielding 1428 measurement points. Prior to the voyage, participants also responded to a general questionnaire including measures of trait anger and trait anxiety. As hypothesized, multilevel analyses showed positive main effects of daily interpersonal conflicts on interpersonal conflicts the next day and exposure to bullying behaviors the same day. However, daily involvement in interpersonal conflicts did not predict exposure to bullying behaviors the next day. Moreover, and in support of the hypothesized moderating effects, trait anger (but not trait anxiety) interacted positively with daily interpersonal conflicts in the prediction of interpersonal conflicts the next day as well as exposure to bullying behaviors the same day. The study suggests that interpersonal conflicts persist and have an immediate effect on exposure to bullying behaviors and that this is particularly the case for individuals high (vs. low) on trait anger. We discuss how these findings contribute to the three-way model of workplace bullying, as well as possible practical implications.

Hoprekstad, Øystein Løvik; Hetland, Jørn & Einarsen, Ståle Valvatne (2021)

Exposure to negative acts at work and self-labelling as a victim of workplace bullying: The role of prior victimization from bullying

Current Psychology, s. 1- 17. Doi: 10.1007/s12144-021-02453-5

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold; Hetland, Jørn, Matthiesen, Stig Berge, Hoprekstad, Øystein Løvik, Espevik, Roar & Bakker, Arnold B. (2020)

Passive avoidant leadership and safety non-compliance: A 30 days diary study among naval cadets

Safety Science, s. 1- 8. Doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2020.105100

The leadership literature suggests that passive leadership undermines employee safety performance; because passive leadership behavior signals that the leader is not committed to organizational safety goals. We tested this hypothesis and investigated the role of two possible moderators, moral disengagement and intolerance of uncertainty. Participants were 78 naval cadets who responded to daily surveys during a 30 days voyage on board of a sailing ship (N occasions is 2166 for H1 and 1910 for H2– H4). The results of multilevel analyses showed as expected that a substantial portion (49%) of the daily safety non-compliance was caused by variation within each crewmember from day to day, and that an increase in daily passive avoidant leadership was related to increased daily safety non-compliance. More unexpectedly, those crewmembers high (and not low) on moral disengagement and intolerance of uncertainty were less influenced by passive avoidant leadership in terms of daily safety violations. Several explanations for the results are discussed.

Hamre, Kristina Vaktskjold; Einarsen, Ståle, Hoprekstad, Øystein Løvik, Pallesen, Ståle, Bjorvatn, Bjørn, Waage, Siri, Moen, Bente Elisabeth & Harris, Anette (2020)

Accumulated long-term exposure to workplace bullying impairs psychological hardiness: A five-year longitudinal study among nurses

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH), 17:2587(7), s. 1- 12. Doi: 10.3390/ijerph17072587

Hoprekstad, Øystein Løvik; Hetland, Jørn, Wold, Bente, Torp, Hilde & Einarsen, Ståle (2020)

Exposure to Bullying Behaviors at Work and Depressive Tendencies: The Moderating Role of Victimization From Bullying During Adolescence

Journal of Interpersonal Violence Doi: 10.1177/0886260519900272

Hoprekstad, Øystein Løvik; Hetland, Jørn, Bakker, Arnold B., Olsen, Olav Kjellevold, Espevik, Roar, Wessel, Martin & Einarsen, Ståle (2019)

How long does it last? Prior victimization from workplace bullying moderates the relationship between daily exposure to negative acts and subsequent depressed mood

European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 28(2), s. 164- 178. Doi: 10.1080/1359432X.2018.1564279 - Full text in research archive

Zahlquist, Lena; Hetland, Jørn, Einarsen, Ståle, Bakker, Arnold B., Hoprekstad, Øystein Løvik, Espevik, Roar & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2019)

Daily interpersonal conflicts and exposure to daily negative acts: The moderating role of trait anger and trait anxiety

[Academic lecture]. 19th EAWOP Congress.

Hoprekstad, Øystein Løvik; Bakker, Arnold B., Olsen, Olav Kjellevold, Espevik, Roar, Wessel, Martin & Einarsen, Ståle (2017)

The Vicious Cycle of Bullying: How to Exposure to Negative Acts Undermines well-Being

[Academic lecture]. EAWOP 2017.

Academic Degrees
Year Academic Department Degree
2022 University of Bergen PhD