Faculty Profile

Birgitte Grøgaard

Associate Professor - Department of Strategy and Entrepreneurship

Publications

Zeng, Rong; Grøgaard, Birgitte & Steel, Piers (2018)

Complements or substitutes? A meta-analysis of the role of integration mechanisms for knowledge transfer in the MNE network

Journal of World Business, 53(4), s. 415- 432. Doi: 10.1016/j.jwb.2018.02.001

The MNE integration literature lacks coherence in the use and effectiveness of different integration mechanisms. In this study, we use meta-analytic techniques to quantitatively synthesize and evaluate the impact of centralization, formalization and socialization on knowledge transfer. Our analysis of 89 independent samples, including 15,506 subsidiaries, shows that socialization facilitates knowledge transfer more strongly than centralization and formalization. Socialization substitutes for formalization’s positive impact, and mitigates centralization’s negative impact on knowledge transfer. We further identify that directionality of knowledge flows is key in explaining the impact of centralization mechanisms. Finally, we point out important systemic problems in current empirical research.

Grøgaard, Birgitte & Colman, Helene Loe (2016)

Interpretive Frames as the Organization’s “Mirror”: From Espoused Values to Social Integration in MNEs

MIR: Management International Review: Journal of International Business, 56(2), s. 171- 194. Doi: 10.1007/s11575-015-0273-4

Gooderham, Paul N.; Nordhaug, Odds dødsbo & Grøgaard, Birgitte (2014)

The Multinational Company

Jordahl, Atle; Rønning, Rune & Espedal, Bjarne (red.). Leadership Development in Multinational Companies

Grøgaard, Birgitte; Gioia, Carmine & Benito, Gabriel R G (2013)

An Empirical Investigation of the Role of Industry Factors in the Internationalization Patterns of Firms

International Studies of Management and Organization, 43(1), s. 81- 100. Doi: 10.2753/IMO0020-8825430104

Colman, Helene Loe & Grogaard, Birgitte (2013)

Integration Vacuum: Creating Action Space for Global Strategy Implementation in International Acquisitions

Thunderbird International Business Review, 55(4) Doi: 10.1002/tie.21553

Gooderham, Paul N.; Grøgaard, Birgitte & Nordhaug, Odd (2013)

International Management: Theory and Practice

Edward Elgar Publishing.

Gooderham, Paul N.; Nordhaug, Odd & Grøgaard, Birgitte (2013)

Divergent Norwegian and North American HRM Regimes:Implications for Norwegian MNEs

Parry, Emma; Stavrou, Eleni & Lazarova, Mila (red.). Global Trends in Human Resource Management

Grøgaard, Birgitte & Verbeke, Alain (2012)

Twenty key hypotheses that make internalization theory the general theory of international strategic management

Verbeke, Alain & Merchant, Hemant (red.). Handbook of research on international strategic management

Grøgaard, Birgitte (2012)

Alignment of strategy and structure in international firms: An empirical examination

International Business Review, 21(3), s. 397- 407.

Grøgaard, Birgitte; Verbeke, Alain & Zargarzadeh, Amin M. (2011)

Entrepreneurial deficits in the multinational enterprise

Verbeke, Alain; Tavares Lehmann, Ana Teresa & Van Tulder, Rob (red.). Entrepreneurship in the Global Firm

Colman, Helene Loe & Grøgaard, Birgitte (2011)

Nationality as basis for global identity

Colman, Helene Loe; Stensaker, Inger & Tharaldsen, Jorunn Elise (red.). A Merger of Equals? The Integration of Statoil and Hydro`s Oil & Gas Activities

Grøgaard, Birgitte & Benito, Gabriel R.G. (2007)

The Internationalization Patterns of Norwegian Firms: Does Industry Matter?

Multinationals on the Periphery, Gabriel R.G. Benito & Rajneesh Narula (eds)

Eliassen, Kjell A. & Grøgaard, Birgitte (2007)

Internationalisation

Eliassen and From (eds), The Privatisation of European Telecommunications

Benito, Gabriel R.G.; Grøgaard, Birgitte & Narula, Rajneesh (2003)

Environmental influences on MNE subsidiary roles: economic integration and the Nordic countries

Journal of International Business Studies, 34, s. 443- 456.

Adarkwah, Gilbert Kofi; Grøgaard, Birgitte & Tomassen, Sverre (2018)

The Effect of Institutional Distances and Government Assistance on Ownership Levels in Sub-Saharan African Countries

[Academic lecture]. 38th Annual Conference of the Strategic Management Society in Paris 2018.

We follow the prevalence of MNEs into Africa to examine the impact of institutional distance and governmental assistance on ownership levels across multiple home and host countries. Although recent studies have increasingly heightened the influence of institutional contextual factors on the ownership levels, we know very little about such decisions from the African context. This paper fills this gap by looking at ownership decisions within the uniqueness of the African context. We contribute to the international business literature by testing the theoretical boundaries of ownership decisions when MNEs expand into high risk areas. With 54 countries in our sample, this study throws light on the role of different institutional complexities on ownership decisions.

Grøgaard, Birgitte; Colman, Helene Loe & Stensaker, Inger G. (2018)

Addressing Multiple Competitive Pressures in the MNE through Recombination

[Academic lecture]. Academy of Management Conference.

Zeng, Rong & Grøgaard, Birgitte (2017)

Entrepreneurial deficits in MNE subsidiaries: Opening the black box

[Academic lecture]. Academy of International Business.

Grøgaard, Birgitte; Colman, Helene Loe & Stensaker, Inger G. (2017)

DEVELOPING ORGANIZATIONAL FLEXIBILITY IN A MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISE: THE KEY TO COMBINING GLOBAL INTEGRATION AND LOCAL RESPONSIVENESS

[Academic lecture]. EIBA.

Grøgaard, Birgitte; Colman, Helene Loe & Stensaker, Inger G. (2017)

Building dynamic capabilities for organizational flexibility in MNEs to combine global integration and local responsiveness

[Academic lecture]. Strategic Management Society Special Conference.

Grøgaard, Birgitte; Colman, Helene Loe & Stensaker, Inger G. (2016)

The Journey to Become a Transnational: A Case Study of the ‘Forgotten’ Strategy

[Academic lecture]. SMS Annual Conference.

Grøgaard, Birgitte (2016)

A meta-analysis of integration mechanism outcomes in multinational enterprises (co-authored with Zeng, R. and Steele, P.)

[Academic lecture]. EIBA Annual Conference.

Colman, Helene Loe; Stensaker, Inger G. & Grøgaard, Birgitte (2015)

Navigating Through the Jungle: Integration in the Multinational Enterprise

[Academic lecture]. Academy of Management Conference.

Grøgaard, Birgitte; Rygh, Asmund & Benito, Gabriel R G (2015)

SOE strategic behavior when entering competitive host markets

[Academic lecture]. Academy of International Business 2015 Annual Meeting.

Grøgaard, Birgitte; Rygh, Asmund & Benito, Gabriel R G (2015)

SOE strategic behaviour when entering competitive host markets

[Academic lecture]. Reading-UNCTAD International Business Conference 2015.

Grøgaard, Birgitte; Rygh, Asmund & Benito, Gabriel R G (2014)

When in Rome? An empirical examination of SOE strategic behavior when entering a competitive host market

[Academic lecture]. European International Business Academy Annual Conference.

Stensaker, Inger G.; Colman, Helene Loe & Grogaard, Birgitte (2012)

PERCEPTIONS OF FAIRNESS IN A MERGER OF EQUALS: THE ROLE OF INTERACTIONAL JUSTICE

[Academic lecture]. Academy of Management.

Stensaker, Inger G.; Colam, H. L & Grogaard, Birgitte (2012)

Attaining Perceptions of Fairness in a Merger of Equals

[Academic lecture]. Academy of Management Conference..

Grøgaard, Birgitte & Colman, Helene Loe (2012)

Identifying international strategies through content analysis

[Academic lecture]. Academy of International Business Annual Conference.

Grøgaard, Birgitte & Colman, Helene Loe (2012)

Implementing Normative Integration in MNEs: The Impact of Organizational Identity

[Academic lecture]. Strategic Management Society Conference.

Colman, Helene Loe; Grøgaard, Birgitte & Stensaker, Inger G. (2012)

SUBSIDIARY IDENTITY CONSTRUCTION: MANAGING BOUNDARIES, DISTINCTIVENESS AND RELATIONSHIPS

[Academic lecture]. European International Business Academy (EIBA) 2012 Conference.

Colman, Helene Loe; Stensaker, Inger G. & Grøgaard, Birgitte (2011)

Integration Practices and Perceptions of Justice in a Merger of Equals

[Academic lecture]. Academy of Management Annual Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R.G. & Grøgaard, Birgitte (2004)

The internationalization patterns of Norwegian firms: Does industry matter?

[Academic lecture]. AIB Annual Conference.

Academic Degrees
Year Academic Department Degree
2006 BI Norwegian Business School Ph.D Dr. Oecon.
1992 University of Colorado M.B.A.
1990 Vanderbilt University B.A.
Work Experience
Year Employer Job Title
2016 - Present BI Norwegian Business School Associate professor
2013 - 2016 Haskayne School of Business, University of Calgary Associate professor
2007 - 2013 Haskayne School of Business, University of Calgary Assistant professor
2000 - 2005 BI Norwegian Business School PhD Candidate
1999 - 2000 Gemini Consulting Management consultant
1992 - 1998 Statoil N/A
1991 - 1992 Merrill Lynch Analyst-internship