Faculty Profile

Gabriel R. G. Benito

Research Professor - Department of Strategy and Entrepreneurship

Biography

I'm a Professor of International Strategy at BI Norwegian Business School. I have a doctorate from NHHNorwegian School of Economics  and a Siviløkonom/Masters degree from the BI Norwegian School of Management. Before joining BI, I had research and teaching positions at Copenhagen Business School, Østfold University College, and at the Norwegian Fund for Market and Distribution Research. I have been visiting professor at at Henley Business School/University of Reading (2015), Copenhagen Business School (2003-2005), and University of Valencia (2002-2003), and a visiting scholar at University of Melbourne (1998).

Research areas
My research has particularly dealt with foreign direct investment, the structure and behavior of multinational enterprises and their foreign subsidiaries, and foreign operation methods. I was Head of the Globalization Project, a research program dealing with a variety of issues related to globalization and its impact on small countries such as Norway, and funded over the years 2000-2004 by the Norwegian Research Council.

Teaching areas
I have taught a wide range of subjects within the business field, especially in international business and strategy, at undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral levels. I was the Dean of Doctoral Studies at BI Norwegian Business School (2011-2014), and prior to that also been in charge of several graduate programs, including Associate Dean for the PhD program in Strategic Management, and program director of the MSc program in International Business at BI (1997-2001). I was the national coordinator for Norway in Nord-IB, a Nordic cooperative effort on doctoral education in International Business Studies, from 2000 to 2003.

Publications

Welch, Lawrence S.; Benito, Gabriel R G & Petersen, Bent (2018)

Foreign Operation Methods: Theory, Analysis, Strategy

Edward Elgar Publishing.

Paul, Justin & Benito, Gabriel R G (2017)

A Review of Research on Outward Foreign Direct Investment from Emerging Countries, Including China: What Do We Know, How Do We Know and Where Should We Be Heading?

Asia Pacific Business Review, 24(1), s. 90- 115. Doi: 10.1080/13602381.2017.1357316

Using the Antecedents, Decisions and Outcomes (ADO) format as an organizing framework, this article gives an overview of the literature on different dimensions and characteristics of outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) by firms from emerging countries. Based on an extensive coverage of studies published over a period of nearly 25 years between 1993 and 2017, we review extant research on this phenomenon from mainly China, as well as other emerging countries. We identify advances and analytical areas of OFDI research and pinpoint the key theories, methodologies, observed characteristics and the variables that have been examined in this growing research literature. Many areas of the above research themes remain underexplored, despite recent significant advancements, and may provide directions for future research

Iurkov, Viacheslav & Benito, Gabriel R G (2017)

Domestic Alliance Networks and Regional Strategies of MNEs: A Structural Embeddedness Perspective

Journal of International Business Studies, s. 1- 27. Doi: 10.1057/s41267-017-0089-5

Iurkov, Viacheslav & Benito, Gabriel R G (2017)

Domestic Alliance Formation and the Foreign Divestment Decisions of Firms

Progress in International Business Research, 12, s. 517- 538. Doi: 10.1108/S1745-886220170000012004

Rygh, Asmund & Benito, Gabriel R G (2017)

Capital Structure of Foreign Direct Investments: A Transaction Cost Analysis

MIR: Management International Review: Journal of International Business, s. 1- 23. Doi: 10.1007/s11575-017-0335-x - Fulltekst i vitenarkiv

Transaction cost theory (TCT) plays a major role in theorizing about the boundaries of the multinational enterprise (MNE), and is increasingly being applied to intra-MNE governance. We apply TCT to capital structure decisions for MNE subsidiaries. According to TCT, equity and debt are not just financial instruments, but alternative governance structures. Equity is useful for projects involving specific assets that do not serve well as collateral, and for knowledge intensive activities where information asymmetry and public good issues make external financing more costly. We study under what conditions MNE headquarters may wish to partially re-introduce market mechanisms inside the MNE through the use of external or internal debt to finance subsidiaries. This can allow economizing on governance costs and strengthen subsidiary manager incentives, but may be inappropriate if subsidiary assets are MNE-specific or subsidiary-specific. Empirically testable propositions are developed.

Lunnan, Randi; Tomassen, Sverre & Benito, Gabriel R G (2016)

Exploring subsidiaries’ perceptions of corporate headquarters: Subsidiary initiatives and organizing costs

Research in Global Strategic Management, 17, s. 165- 189. Doi: 10.1108/S1064-485720160000017007

Lunnan, Randi; Tomassen, Sverre & Benito, Gabriel R G (2016)

Exploring Subsidiaries’ Perceptions of Corporate Headquarters: Subsidiary Initiatives and Organizing Costs

Ambos, Tina C; Ambos, Bjørn & Birkinshaw, Julian (red.). Perspectives on Headquarters – Subsidiary Relationships in the Contemporary MNC

Benito, Gabriel R G; Rygh, Asmund & Lunnan, Randi (2016)

The Benefits of Internationalization for State-Owned Enterprises

Global Strategy Journal, 6(4), s. 269- 288. Doi: 10.1002/gsj.1138

Meyer, Klaus E. & Benito, Gabriel R G (2016)

Where do MNEs locate their headquarters? At home!

Global Strategy Journal, 6(2), s. 149- 159. Doi: 10.1002/gsj.1115

Benito, Gabriel R G (2015)

Why and how motives (still) matter

Multinational Business Review, 23(1), s. 15- 24. Doi: 10.1108/MBR-02-2015-0005

Benito, Gabriel R G; Lunnan, Randi & Tomassen, Sverre (2014)

The virtue of in-between pragmatism-a balancing act between responsiveness and integration in a multinational company

Advances in International Management, 27, s. 75- 97. Doi: 10.1108/S1571-502720140000027002

Grøgaard, Birgitte; Gioia, Carmine & Benito, Gabriel R G (2013)

An Empirical Investigation of the Role of Industry Factors in the Internationalization Patterns of Firms

International Studies of Management and Organization, 43(1), s. 81- 100. Doi: 10.2753/IMO0020-8825430104

Benito, Gabriel R G; Dovgan, Olesya, Petersen, Bent & Welch, Lawrence S. (2013)

Offshore outsourcing: A dynamic, operation mode perspective

Industrial Marketing Management, 42(2), s. 211- 222. Doi: 10.1016/j.indmarman.2012.08.003

Benito, Gabriel R G; Petersen, Bent & Welch, Lawrence S (2012)

Dynamics of foreign operation modes and their combinations: Insights for international strategic management

Verbeke, Alain & Merchant, Hemant (red.). Handbook of research on international strategic management

Tomassen, Sverre; Benito, Gabriel R G & Lunnan, Randi (2012)

Governance costs in foreign direct investments: A MNC headquarters challenge

Journal of International Management, 18(3), s. 233- 246. Doi: 10.1016/j.intman.2012.02.002

Benito, Gabriel R G (2011)

Outward FDI and its policy context, 2010

Sauvant, Karl P.; Jost, Thomas, Davies, Ken & Garcés, Ana-María Poveda (red.). Inward and Outward FDI Country Profiles

Benito, Gabriel R G; Petersen, Bent & Welch, Lawrence S (2011)

Mode Combinations and International Operations Theoretical Issues and an Empirical Investigation

Management International Review, 51(6), s. 803- 820. Doi: 10.1007/s11575-011-0101-4

Lunnan, Randi; Benito, Gabriel R G & Tomassen, Sverre (2011)

Moving Abroad: Factors that motivate foreign location of headquarter activities

Advances in International Management, 24, s. 127- 152. Doi: 10.1108/S1571-5027(2011)0000024013

Benito, Gabriel R G; Lunnan, Randi & Tomassen, Sverre (2011)

Distant Encounters of the Third Kind: Multinational Companies Locating Divisional Headquarters Abroad

Journal of Management Studies, 48(2), s. 373- 394. Doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6486.2010.00962.x

Benito, Gabriel & Tomassen, Sverre (2010)

Governance Costs in Headquarters-Subsidiary Relationships

Andersson, U. & Holm, U. (red.). Managing the Contemporary Multinational: The Role of Headquarters

Hashai, Niron; Asmussen, Christian G., Benito, Gabriel R.G. & Petersen, Bent (2010)

Technological Knowledge Intensity and Entry Mode Diversity

Management International Review, 50(6), s. 659- 681. Doi: 10.1007/s11575-010-0059-7

Petersen, Bent; Welch, Lawrence S & Benito, Gabriel R.G. (2010)

Managing the Internalisation Process

Management International Review, 50(2), s. 137- 154. Doi: 10.1007/s11575-010-0031-6

Benito, Gabriel R.G.; Petersen, Bent & Welch, Lawrence S (2009)

Towards more realistic conceptualisations of foreign operation modes

Journal of International Business Studies, 40(9), s. 1455- 1470. Doi: 10.1057/jibs.2009.54

Coltman, Tim; Bru, Kathrine, Perm-Ajchariyawong, Nidthida, Devinney, Timothy M. & Benito, Gabriel R.G. (2009)

Supply chain contract evolution

European Management Journal, 27(6), s. 388- 401. Doi: 10.1016/j.emj.2008.11.005

Asmussen, Christian G.; Benito, Gabriel R.G. & Petersen, Bent (2009)

Organizing foreign market activities: From entry mode choice to configuration decisions

International Business Review, 18(2), s. 145- 155. Doi: 10.1016/j.ibusrev.2009.01.002

Tomassen, Sverre & Benito, Gabriel R.G. (2009)

The costs of governance in international companies

International Business Review, 18(3), s. 292- 304. Doi: 10.1016/j.ibusrev.2009.02.005

Petersen, Bent; Benito, Gabriel R.G., Welch, Lawrence S & Asmussen, Christian G. (2008)

Mode Configuration Diversity: A New Perspective on Foreign Operation Mode Choice

A.Y. Lewin, D. Griffith, S.T. Cavusgil and G.T.M. Hult (eds.), Thought Leadership in Advancing International Business Research

Le Bruyn, Eskil Goldeng; Grünfeld, Leo A. & Benito, Gabriel R.G. (2008)

The Performance Differential between Private and State Owned Enterprises: The Roles of Ownership, Management and Market Structure

Journal of Management Studies, 45(7), s. 1244- 1273.

Benito, Gabriel R G & Greve, Henrich R. (2007)

Progress in International Business Research

Elsevier.

Benito, Gabriel R.G. (2007)

Divestment and International Business Strategy

International Marketing, Volume III, Masaaki Kotabe (ed)

Grøgaard, Birgitte & Benito, Gabriel R.G. (2007)

The Internationalization Patterns of Norwegian Firms: Does Industry Matter?

Multinationals on the Periphery, Gabriel R.G. Benito & Rajneesh Narula (eds)

Benito, Gabriel R.G. & Narula, Rajneesh (2007)

States and Firms on the Periphery: The Challenges of a Globalizing World

Multinationals on the Periphery, Gabriel R.G. Benito & Rajneesh Narula (eds)

Welch, Lawrence S; Benito, Gabriel R.G. & Petersen, Bent (2007)

Foreign Operation Methods: Theory, Analysis, Strategy

Edward Elgar Publishing.

Benito, Gabriel & Rajneesh, Narula (2007)

Multinationals on the Periphery

Palgrave Macmillan.

Petersen, Bent; Pedersen, Torben & Benito, Gabriel R.G. (2006)

The Termination Dilemma of Foreign Intermediaries: Performance, Anti-Shirking Measures and Hold-Up Safeguards

Advances in International Marketing, 16, s. 317- 339.

Benito, Gabriel R.G. & Tomassen, Sverre (2005)

A transaction cost analysis of staffing decisions in internationaloperations

Scandinavian Journal of Management, s. 101- 126.

Benito, Gabriel R.G.; Pedersen, Torben & Petersen, Bent (2005)

Export Channel Dynamics: An Empirical Examination

Managerial and Decision Economics, 26(3), s. 159- 173.

Gripsrud, Geir & Benito, Gabriel R.G. (2005)

Internationalization in Retailing: Modeling the Pattern of Foreign Market Entry

Journal of Business Research, 58(12), s. 1672- 1680.

Benito, Gabriel R.G. (2005)

Divestment and international business strategy

Journal of Economic Geography, 5(2), s. 235- 251.

This paper deals with divestment, i.e., the closure or sell-off of units in foreign locations, or conversely units owned by foreign firms. Such actions are discussed from the perspective of the firms making such decisions, and divestment assessments are looked at through the lens of international business strategy. Based on the integration-responsiveness framework of international business strategy, it is argued that the divestment propensities of foreign subsidiaries depend on the type of strategy pursued by the corporation. Subsidiaries of transnational corporations are in general likely to display the highest divestment rates. Whereas subsidiaries forming part of international and multi-domestic strategies may have the lowest divestment likelihood initially, subsidiaries established as part of a global strategy are expected to be the least probable to be divested in the longer run.

Karlsen, Tore; Silseth, Pål Rasmus, Benito, Gabriel R G & Welch, Lawrence S (2003)

Knowledge, internationalization of the firm, and inward-outward connections

Industrial Marketing Management, 32(5), s. 385- 396.

Benito, Gabriel R.G.; Berger, Eivind, Forest, Morten de la & Shum, Jonas (2003)

A cluster analysis of the maritime sector in Norway

International Journal of Transport Management, 2(1), s. 203- 215.

Benito, Gabriel R.G. & Tomassen, Sverre (2003)

The Micro-Mechanics of Foreign Operations’ Performance: An Analysis Based on the OLI Framework

J. Cantwell and R. Narula (eds.): International Business and the Eclectic Paradigm: Developing the OLI Framework

Benito, Gabriel R.G.; Grøgaard, Birgitte & Narula, Rajneesh (2003)

Environmental influences on MNE subsidiary roles: economic integration and the Nordic countries

Journal of International Business Studies, 34, s. 443- 456.

Benito, Gabriel R G; Larimo, Jorma, Rajneesh, Narula & Pedersen, Torben (2002)

Multinational enterprises from small economies: Internationalization patterns of large companies from Denmark, Finland and Norway

International Studies of Management and Organisation, 32(1), s. 57- 78.

Welch, Lawrence S; Benito, Gabriel R G, Silseth, Pål Rasmus & Karlsen, Tore (2002)

Exploring inward-outward linkages in firms’ internationalisation: A knowledge and network perspective

Lundan, Sarianna M. (red.). Network Knowledge in International Business

Pedersen, Torben; Petersen, B. & Benito, Gabriel R.G. (2002)

Change of foreign operation method: Impetus and switching costs

International Business Review, 11, s. 325- 345.

Gripsrud, Geir & Benito, Gabriel R.G. (2001)

Promotion of products from developing coutries : an overview and assessment of import promotion efforts

Trade and investment in a globalising world/ed. by Rajneesh Narula

Benito, Gabriel R.G. & Strøm, Øystein (2000)

Chain strategies and modes of foreign market penetration in agribusiness

Journal of International Food & Agribusiness Marketing, 11(2), s. 1- 21.

Petersen, Bent; Benito, Gabriel R.G. & Pedersen, Torben (2000)

Replacing the foreign intermediary: motivators and deterrents

International Studies of Management and Organisation, 32(1), s. 57- 78.

Benito, Gabriel R.G. (2000)

Industrial clusters and foreign companies' centres of excellence in Norway

The Emergence and Impact of MNC Centres of Excellence

Benito, Gabriel R.G.; Pedersen, Torben & Petersen, Bent (1999)

Foreign operation methods and switching costs: conceptual issues and possible effects

Scandinavian Journal of Management, 15, s. 213- 229.

Benito, Gabriel R.G. & Gripsrud, Geir (1999)

Promoting efforts from developing countries: An empirical test of the impact of import promotion offices

The international trade journal, 13(2), s. 187- 209.

Benito, Gabriel R.G. (1998)

Utviklingen av norske direkte utenlandske investeringer

Globalisering - drivkrefter og konsekvenser. BI årbok 1998

Benito, Gabriel R.G.; Pedersen, T., Petersen, B. & Larimo, J. (1998)

Change of foreign operation method: Impetus and switching costs

Internationalization and Foreing Direct Investment Behavior in OECD and Asian Countries

Tomassen, S.; Benito, Gabriel R.G. & Welch, L.S. (1998)

Norwegian companies in India: Operation mode choice

Asian Journal of Business & Information Systems, 3(1), s. 1- 19.

Benito, Gabriel R G (1997)

Why are foreign subsidiaries divested? A conceptual framework

Björkman, Ingmar & Forsgren, Mats (red.). The Nature of the International Firm

Benito, Gabriel R G & Welch, Lawrence S (1997)

De-internationalization

Management International Review, 37, s. 7- 25.

Benito, Gabriel R G (1997)

Divestment of foreign production operations

Applied Economics, 29(10), s. 1365- 1377.

Benito, Gabriel R G (1996)

Utenlandsk eierskap i norsk næringsliv

Reve, Torger (red.). Eierskap og kapital som konkurransefaktor

Benito, Gabriel R G (1996)

Konsekvenser av nasjonalt og utenlandsk eierskap i norsk industri

Økonomi & politik, 69(1), s. 33- 45.

Benito, Gabriel R G (1996)

Ownership structures of Norwegian foreign subsidiaries in manufacturing

The international trade journal, 10(2), s. 157- 198.

Benito, Gabriel R G & Gripsrud, Geir (1995)

The internationalization process approach to the location of foreign direct investments: An empirical analysis

Green, Milford & MacNaughton, Rod (red.). The Location of Foreign Direct Investment: Geographic and Business Approaches

Gripsrud, Geir & Benito, Gabriel R G (1995)

Promoting imports from developing countries: A marketing perspective

Journal of Business Research, 32(2), s. 141- 148.

Benito, Gabriel R G & Welch, Lawrence S (1994)

Norwegian companies in Eastern Europe: Past involvement and reaction to recent changes

Buckley, Peter J. & Ghauri, Pervez (red.). The Economics of Change in East and Central Europe: Its Impact on International Business

Benito, Gabriel R G & Welch, Lawrence S (1994)

Foreign market servicing: Beyond choice of entry mode

Journal of International Marketing, 2(2), s. 7- 27.

Benito, Gabriel R G; Solberg, Carl Arthur & Welch, Lawrence S (1993)

An exploration of the information behaviour of Norwegian exporters

International Journal of Information Management, 13(4), s. 274- 286.

Benito, Gabriel R G & Gripsrud, Geir (1992)

The expansion of foreign direct investments: Discrete rational location choices or a cultural learning process?

Journal of International Business Studies, 23(3), s. 461- 476.

Benito, Gabriel R G & Biong, Harald (1991)

Handel med Øst-Europa: Norske bedrifters erfaringer

Praktisk økonomi og ledelse, 7(1), s. 109- 117.

Mors, Marie Louise; Laursen, Keld & Benito, Gabriel R G (2018)

Forskning skal være god for at være relevant.

Berlingske tidende [Kronikk]

Benito, Gabriel R G & Mors, Marie Louise (2017)

Forskningen må være god for å være relevant.

Ukeavisen ledelse [Kronikk]

Benito, Gabriel R G (2012)

Lønner det seg å internasjonalisere?

Ukeavisen ledelse [Kronikk]

Benito, Gabriel R G (2011)

Selskap uten nasjon

Dagsavisen [Kronikk]

Benito, Gabriel R G (2009)

Internasjonalisme i en krisetid

Aftenposten (morgenutg. : trykt utg.) [Kronikk]

Zilja, Flladina; Benito, Gabriel R G, Boustanifar, Hamid & Zhang, Dan (2018)

CEO personal wealth and cross-border acquisitions

[Academic lecture]. Academy of International Business Annual Meeting.

Tomassen, Sverre; Lunnan, Randi, Andersson, Ulf & Benito, Gabriel R G (2017)

The Dark Side of Social Integration: Knowledge Transfer, Bargaining, and Social Integration Mechanisms

[Academic lecture]. SMS Special Conference Banff.

Lunnan, Randi; Tomassen, Sverre, Benito, Gabriel R G & Andersson, Ulf (2017)

The Darker Side of Social Integration: A Discussion of Bargaining Costs and Knowledge Transfer

[Academic lecture]. EIBA Annual Conference.

Békes, Gabor; Benito, Gabriel R G, Castellani, Davide & Muraközy, Balazs (2017)

Explaining the Complexity of Foreign Operations: The Role of Managerial and Governance Characteristics

[Academic lecture]. EIBA Annual Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R G (2017)

When do Companies Locate their Corporate Headquarters Abroad?

[Popular scientific article]. EIBAzine, s. 7- 9.

Amdam, Rolv Petter Storvik & Benito, Gabriel R G (2017)

Timing and history. Harvard Business School and the development of a strategy for first international entry

[Academic lecture]. SMS Annual Conference.

Amdam, Rolv Petter Storvik & Benito, Gabriel R G (2017)

When do organizations internationalize? The development of Harvard Business School’s first international strategy 1950-1972

[Academic lecture]. EBHA Annual Conference.

Iurkov, Viacheslav & Benito, Gabriel R G (2016)

Domestic Alliance Networks and the Foreign Divestment Decisions of Firms

[Academic lecture]. European International Business Academy Annual Conference.

Iurkov, Viacheslav & Benito, Gabriel R G (2016)

Domestic Alliance Networks and the Foreign Divestment Decisions of Firms

[Academic lecture]. Academy of International Business Northeast Chapter Conference.

Lunnan, Randi; Tomassen, Sverre, Andersson, Ulf & Benito, Gabriel R G (2016)

A Subsidiary Perspective on Organizing Costs in Multinational Corporations: The Roles of Distance, Coordination and Relationship

[Academic lecture]. Academy of International Business Annual Conference.

Lunnan, Randi; Tomassen, Sverre, Andersson, Ulf & Benito, Gabriel R G (2016)

Governance and the Roles of Distance, Coordination, and Relationship Atmosphere in the MNC: A View from the Periphery

[Academic lecture]. European International Business Academy Annual Conference.

Iurkov, Viacheslav & Benito, Gabriel R G (2016)

Domestic Alliance Networks and the Foreign Divestment Decisions of Firms

[Academic lecture]. Strategic Management Society Annual International Conference.

Iurkov, Viacheslav & Benito, Gabriel R G (2015)

Domestic alliance network structures, absorptive capacity, and regional strategies of MNEs (ISC Best Paper Award nominee, Honorable mention)

[Academic lecture]. The 6th Israel Strategy Conference.

Andersson, Ulf; Tomassen, Sverre & Benito, Gabriel R G (2015)

Management Costs Incurred by Headquarters Choice of Foreign Operation Method

[Academic lecture]. European International Business Academy Annual Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R G & Rygh, Asmund (2015)

Foreign Direct Investment and Firm Performance: The Moderating Role of Firm Ownership

[Academic lecture]. Strategic Management Society Annual Conference.

Iurkov, Viacheslav & Benito, Gabriel R G (2015)

Domestic alliance networks and regional strategies of MNEs: A structural embeddedness perspective (Finalist SMS Best Conference Paper and Best PhD Paper Prize)

[Academic lecture]. The 35th Annual International Conference of the Strategic Management Society (SMS).

Iurkov, Viacheslav & Benito, Gabriel R G (2015)

Domestic alliance networks and regional strategies of MNEs: A structural embeddedness perspective

[Academic lecture]. The 7th Research School Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R G; Rygh, Asmund & Lunnan, Randi (2015)

Internationalization-performance relationship: The moderating roles of state and foreign ownership

[Academic lecture]. Academy of International Business 2015 Annual Meeting.

Grøgaard, Birgitte; Rygh, Asmund & Benito, Gabriel R G (2015)

SOE strategic behavior when entering competitive host markets

[Academic lecture]. Academy of International Business 2015 Annual Meeting.

Grøgaard, Birgitte; Rygh, Asmund & Benito, Gabriel R G (2015)

SOE strategic behaviour when entering competitive host markets

[Academic lecture]. Reading-UNCTAD International Business Conference 2015.

Rygh, Asmund; Torgersen, Kristine & Benito, Gabriel R G (2015)

Competing for international investment: Institutional determinants of FDI inflows in the primary sectors

[Academic lecture]. 1st International Competitiveness Management Conference.

Andersson, Ulf; Benito, Gabriel R G & Lunnan, Randi (2014)

Costs and Performance Implications from HQs Intervention in Subsidiaries’ Affairs

[Academic lecture]. Strategic Management Society Annual International Conference.

Grøgaard, Birgitte; Rygh, Asmund & Benito, Gabriel R G (2014)

When in Rome? An empirical examination of SOE strategic behavior when entering a competitive host market

[Academic lecture]. European International Business Academy Annual Conference.

Rygh, Asmund & Benito, Gabriel R G (2014)

An empirical examination of a transaction cost explanation of FDI capital structure

[Academic lecture]. European International Business Academy Annual Conference.

Rygh, Asmund & Benito, Gabriel R G (2014)

An empirical examination of a transaction cost explanation of FDI capital structure

[Academic lecture]. Annual Strategic Management Society Conference.

Rygh, Asmund & Benito, Gabriel R G (2014)

An empirical examination of a transaction cost explanation of FDI capital structure

[Academic lecture]. 1st WU Paper Development Workshop.

Petersen, Bent; Benito, Gabriel R G & Welch, Lawrence S. (2013)

Foreign Operation Mode Flexibility and its Cost-Benefit Tradeoffs

[Academic lecture]. Annual Conference of the European Academy of Management - EURAM.

Benito, Gabriel R G; Lunnan, Randi & Tomassen, Sverre (2013)

The virtue of in-between pragmatism – A balancing act between responsiveness and integration in a multinational company

[Academic lecture]. Advances in International Management (AIM) Workshop “Orchestration of the Global Network Organization”.

Rygh, Asmund; Torgersen, Kristine & Benito, Gabriel R G (2013)

Institutional determinants of FDI inflows in the primary sectors

[Academic lecture]. European International Business Academy Annual Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R G; Rygh, Asmund & Lunnan, Randi (2013)

Ownership, internationalization and performance

[Academic lecture]. European International Business Academy Annual Conference.

Rygh, Asmund; Torgersen, Kristine & Benito, Gabriel R G (2013)

Institutional determinants of FDI inflows in the primary sectors

[Academic lecture]. Annual Strategic Management Society Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R G; Rygh, Asmund & Lunnan, Randi (2013)

Ownership, internationalization and performance

[Academic lecture]. Annual Strategic Management Society Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R G; Rygh, Asmund & Lunnan, Randi (2013)

Ownership, internationalization and performance

[Academic lecture]. 12th Vaasa International Business Conference.

Rygh, Asmund & Benito, Gabriel R G (2013)

Capital structure of foreign direct investments: A transaction cost analysis

[Academic lecture]. 5th Nordic Corporate Governance Network Workshop.

Rygh, Asmund & Benito, Gabriel R G (2013)

Capital structure of foreign direct investments: A transaction cost analysis

[Academic lecture]. Reading-UNCTAD International Business Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R G; Dovgan, Olesya, Petersen, Bent & Welch, Lawrence S (2012)

Offshore Outsourcing: A Dynamic Operation Mode Perspective

[Academic lecture]. SMS Annual Conference.

Petersen, Bent; Benito, Gabriel R G & Welch, Lawrence S (2012)

The dark side of dynamic capabilities: On foreign operation mode flexibility and cost-benefit tradeoffs

[Academic lecture]. EIBA Annual Conference.

Rygh, Asmund & Benito, Gabriel R G (2012)

Capital structure of foreign direct investments: A transaction cost analysis

[Academic lecture]. EIBA Annual Conference.

Tomassen, Sverre; Benito, Gabriel R G & Lunnan, Randi (2011)

Governance costs in foreign establishment modes: A MNC headquarters puzzle

[Academic lecture]. AIB Annual Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R G; Petersen, Bent & Welch, Lawrence S (2011)

Mode combinations and international operations: Theoretical issues and an empirical investigation

[Academic lecture]. AIB Annual Conference.

Lunnan, Randi; Benito, Gabriel R G & Tomassen, Sverre (2011)

Foreign location and relocation of headquarter activities over time

[Academic lecture]. SMS Annual Conference.

Tomassen, Sverre; Benito, Gabriel R G & Lunnan, Randi (2011)

Governance costs in foreign establishment modes: A MNC headquarters puzzle

[Academic lecture]. EIBA Annual Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R G; Dogvan, Olesya, Petersen, Bent & Welch, Lawrence S (2011)

Offshore outsourcing: A dynamic, operation mode perspective

[Academic lecture]. EIBA Annual Conference.

Lunnan, Randi; Benito, Gabriel R G & Tomassen, Sverre (2009)

Leaving the Periphery: The Location of Division Headquarters among Large Norwegian Companies, 2000-2006

[Academic lecture]. The second IB conference at Reading.

Benito, Gabriel R G; Petersen, Bent & Welch, Lawrence S (2009)

Towards more Realistic Conceptualisations of Foreign Operation Methods: Challenges to Existing Treatments

[Academic lecture]. AIB, Academy of International Business Annual Conference.

Tomassen, Sverre & Benito, Gabriel R G (2009)

Governance Costs in Headquarter-Subsidiary Relationships

[Academic lecture]. SMS Conference 2009, Washington DC.

Benito, Gabriel R G; Petersen, Bent & Welch, Lawrence S (2008)

"Towards more Realistic Conceptualisations of Foreign Operation Methods: Challenges to Existing Treatments", International Business and the Catching-up Economies: Challenges and Opportunities

[Academic lecture]. 34th EIBA Annual Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R G; Lunnan, Randi, Tomassen, Sverre & Listra, Enn (2008)

Leaving the Periphery: The Location of Division Headquarters among Large Norwegian Companies, 2000-2006", International Business and the Catching-up Economies: Challenges and Opportunities

[Academic lecture]. 34th EIBA Annual Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R G; Petersen, Bent & Welch, Lawrence S (2008)

Managing the Internalisation Process – A Theoretical Perspective

[Academic lecture]. Academy of International Business Annual Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R G; Lunnan, Randi & Tomassen, Sverre (2008)

Leaving the Periphery: The Location of Division Headquarters among Large Norwegian Companies, 2000-2006

[Academic lecture]. Strategic Management Society Annual MeetingAnnual Meeting.

Benito, Gabriel R G; Lunnan, Randi & Tomassen, Sverre (2008)

Leaving the Periphery: The Location of Division Headquarters among Large Norwegian Companies, 2000-2006

[Academic lecture]. Nordic Workshop in International Business.

Tomassen, Sverre; Benito, Gabriel R G & Lunnan, Randi (2008)

Leaving the Periphery: The Location of Division Headquarters among Large Norwegian Companies, 2000-2006

[Academic lecture]. 34th EIBA Annual Conference.

Tomassen, Sverre & Benito, Gabriel R.G. (2005)

The Costs of Governance in International Companies: A Study of their Effects on the Performance of Foreign Operations

[Academic lecture]. 31st Annual EIBA Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R.G.; Pedersen, Torben & Petersen, B. (2004)

The termination dilemma of foreign intermediaries: Performance, anti.shirking measures and hold-up safeguards

[Academic lecture]. EIBA Annual Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R.G.; Petersen, B., Asmussen, C.G. & Welch, Lawrence S (2004)

From entry modes to foreign market configuration

[Academic lecture]. EIBA Annual Conferenc.

Benito, Gabriel R.G. & Grøgaard, Birgitte (2004)

The internationalization patterns of Norwegian firms: Does industry matter?

[Academic lecture]. AIB Annual Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R.G.; Bonache-Pérez, Jaime, Pla-Barber, José & Tomassen, Sverre (2003)

A Transaction Cost Analysis of Staffing Decisions in International Operations

[Academic lecture]. 29th Annual EIBA Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R.G. & Gripsrud, Geir (2002)

Internationalization in Retailing: Explaing The Pattern of Foreign Market Entry

[Academic lecture]. EIBA Annual Conference.

Benito, Gabriel R.G.; Pedersen, T. & Petersen, B. (2000)

Export channel dynamics: An empirical analysis of changes in the organization of foreign distribution

[Academic lecture]. The EIBA Annual conference.

Benito, Gabriel R.G. & Strøm, Ø. (1998)

Chain strategies and modes of foreign market penetration in the food sector

[Academic lecture]. 3rd International Conference on Chain Management in Agribusiness and the Food Industry.

Benito, Gabriel R.G.; Petersen, B. & Pedersen, T. (1998)

Replacing the foreign intermediary: Motivators and deterrents

[Academic lecture]. The Challenge of Globalization - ANZIBA Annual Conference.

Academic Degrees
Year Academic Department Degree
1995 Norwegian School of Economics, NHH Ph.D Dr. Oecon.
1992 Norwegian School of Economics, NHH Master Cand. Merc.
1985 BI Norwegian Business School Master of Science in Business
Work Experience
Year Employer Job Title
1999 - Present BI Norwegian Business School Professor
2015 - 2015 Henley Business School, University of reading Visiting Fellow
2007 - 2011 University of Agder Adjunct Professor
2003 - 2005 Copenhagen Business School Visiting Professor
2002 - 2003 University of Valencia Visiting Professor
1997 - 1999 BI Norwegian Business School Associate Professor
1998 - 1998 University of Melbourne Visiting Research Scholar
1995 - 1996 Copenhagen Business School Research Associate Professor
1994 - 1995 BI Norwegian Business School Assistant Professor
1992 - 1994 Østfold University College Assistant Professor
1989 - 1991 NIM Norwegian Institute for Research in Marketing Research Fellow
1986 - 1988 FMD Norwegian Fund for Market and Distribution Research Research Associate
1986 - 1986 Norwegian School of Economics, NHH Teaching Assistant
1985 - 1986 NSD Norwegian Data Services for the Social Sciences Research Assistant