Course description

International Commercial Law


The course provides an understanding of the legal framework applicable to international business and contracts. The students will learn about different legal systems, legal terminology, and the body of law that governs business and commercial transactions. The course covers general contract law and what makes a contracting binding - and to which extent it is binding. They learn to interpret and understand the legal challenges for contract negotiations and the conclusion and execution of contracts. There will be a general overview of types of international contracts, with a focus on international sales and purchase contracts - both standard and individual contracts. Standard contracts used for international sales are covered, as well as standard trade terms and commonly used documents and contracts.. The students learn the importance of determining jurisdiction and applicable law when entering into contracts, and how to avoid or minimize common pitfalls. Methods of dispute resolution, such as court process, mediation and arbitration is covered. The course covers specific regulations such as CISG (Convention for the International Sale and Purchase of Goods), and the use of and importance of NCOTERMS. The students will learn the transport element in international sale and purchase contracts, and the risk and ownership transfer of goods, subject relevant clauses being used.

Course content

  • Different legal systems and terminology
  • Basic elements of a binding contract
  • How to enter into contracts of an international nature
  • How to interpret contracts and contract clauses
  • Mandatory laws vs. non-mandatory law and contract law
  • International conventions and their use
  • Conclusion of contracts and standard terms in international contracts
  • International sale and purchase - CISG (the international sale of goods act)
  • Terms of delivery – INCOTERMS
  • Payments and transfer of risk
  • Letters of credit and standard documents used in international trade
  • Case work

Learning outcome knowledge

On completion of this course, students shall:

  • Understand what a contract is and what makes it binding
  • Understand what a breach of contract is and the effects of it
  • The importance of determining jurisdiction and applicable law in international contracts
  • Have an overview of international sale and purchase law.
  • Be able to identify sources of law and regulations applicable to international business transaction, such as national laws, international conventions, trade terms and commercial practices.
  • Be able to identify and understand common legal terms, expressions and different dispute resolution methods.
  • Acquired knowledge of how to enter into legally binding business contracts and to identify potential pitfalls.
  • Have an overall understanding of the legal challenges in international business and standard contracts used for international sale and purchases.
  • Gained practical knowledge about the law as it relates to international business.
  • Have learned to interpret contracts and find and apply relevant CISG rules.
  • Understanding of INCOTERMS and the effect on buyer and sellers risk in relation to transportation
  • Methods for minimizing risks in international contracts


Exam organisation

  • Written exam: 100%