Antecedents and consequences of envy

Monday, 05 September 2016 - Øyvind Lund Martinsen, Lars Glasø, Geir Thompson


The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between individual attributes and envy, and to determine how envy may impact personal response variables in the workplace. To address these issues we apply Vecchio’s theory on antecedents and consequences of envy (1995) as a theoretical framework. The present study relied on a cross-sectional measurement design. A total of 135 leaders and 772 followers employed in business organizations participated. SEM analysis shows that span of supervision serves as an important antecedent of envy, where span of supervision is significantly associated to envy via supportive leadership. Furthermore, envy seems to be indirectly and negatively related to self-esteem via distress and directly related to social loafing. The implications of these findings are discussed, and suggestions for future research are outlined.

Thompson, Geir, Lars Glasø and Øyvind Martinsen. 2016. “Antecedents and consequences of envy.” The Journal of Social Psychology, 156(2):139-153

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