Reserving a share of the parental leave period for fathers is considered necessary for inducing fathers to take leave, and for men's increased participation in child-rearing. We investigate how a parental leave reform directed towards fathers impacted leave taking, and in turn children's and parents' long term outcomes. A paternal leave quota greatly increases the share of men taking paternity leave. We nd evidence that children's school performance improves as a result, particularly in families where the father has higher education than the mother. We nd no evidence that paternity leave counters the traditional allocation of parents' labor supply.
Cools, Sara, Jon H. Fiva and Lars J. Kirkebøen. 2015. “Causal effects of paternity leave on children and parents.” The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 117(3):801-828