This article explores how clusters have reacted to the recent process of globalization by comparing the development of two clusters that are located in the same region, the county of Møre og Romsdal in Norway. These two clusters are the furniture cluster and the maritime cluster on the west coast of Norway. When international competition increased, the first one declined while the other prospered and became more global. Structural differences explain only partly the different development paths of these clusters. In addition, firms’ strategic actions and the degree of collectively shared visions about international operations mattered for how the clusters developed.
Amdam, Rolv Petter and Ove Bjarnar. 2015. “Globalization and the development of industrial clusters: comparing two Norwegian clusters, 1900-2010.” Business History Review, 89(4):693-716