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MAKVIS or KAMPVISE for planning lessons

As a model for engaging and motivating students, MAKVIS (formerly MAKIS) or KAMPVISE are two mnemonic devices for planning your teaching, presumably dating back to a Swedish work with formal curriculum in the fifties.

There is, however, no good reference to prove it (Brattenberg 2010). During the years, several changes have been made, adapting to the practical uses of the devices.

The main principles of MAKVIS are (translated from Norwegian):

  • Motivation
  • Activation (engagement)
  • Concretion
  • Variation (or visualization)
  • Individualization
  • Collaboration

The other mnemonic device, KAMPVISE translates to:

  • Concretion
  • Activation (engagement)
  • Motivation
  • Progression
  • Variation
  • Individualization
  • Socialization
  • Evaluation

Even though these devices are not covered extensively in pedagogical research, the separate parts of them are. A meta analysis from 2004 shows surprisingly good effects, even for simpler ways to activate or engage the students (Prince 2004). The mnemonic devices are good check-lists when planning your teaching, but you don't need to cover all the principles every time.

Some principles may also be missing, such as feedback. How will your students receive feedback for the learning activities they complete?


Brattenberg, S. o. B. E. (2010). Innføring i kroppsøvingsdidaktikk. Oslo, Høyskoleforlaget.

Munkvold, R., A. Fjeldavli, G. Hjertø and G.O. Hole (2008). Nettbasert undervisning: En ressursbok for undervisningspersonell.

Prince, M. (2004). "Does active learning work? A review of the research." Journal of engineering education 93(3): 223-231.

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