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Employee Profile

Lars Christian Bruno

Associate Professor - Campus Stavanger

Department of Economics

Biography

Development economist and economic historian at the Department of Economics, working at campus Stavanger.

My current research interests are in four main areas. First, natural resources and technological development. The central aim of the research is to identify when natural resources boost and when they retard a country’s technological development.

Second, industry studies on the economics of the palm oil sector. Palm oil, though controversial, is a cash crop that has been responsible for lifting many out of poverty. Palm oil serves as a case study of how a developing country can use its natural resources to achieve not only reduced poverty but also increased agro-based manufacturing.

Third, industry studies on the Norwegian petroleum sector. The Norwegian petroleum sector has undoubtedly benefited Norway economically. My research aims to understand the sector’s influence in lesser-explored areas relating to market concentration of the petroleum sector.

Finally, historical national accounts in Scandinavia. Based on collaboration with other economic historians, my research looks at the development of living standards and its measurement stretching from the 18th to the 21st century. One research project, together with the Norwegian School of Economics, is an attempt to construct GDP figures for the 18th century.

Publications

Bruno, Lars Christian; Eloranta, Jari, Ojala, Jari & Pehkonen, Jaakko (2022)

Road to unity? Nordic economic convergence in the long run

Scandinavian Economic History Review Doi: 10.1080/03585522.2022.2032318

This study examines Nordic economic convergence from the sixteenth to twentieth century respective of the economic leaders, in effect the UK before 1914 and USA thereafter. The paper uses a novel approach of combining the analysis of both GDP and wages. The examination of real GDP per capita suggests that there was a catch-up process in play, both with the economic leaders and among the Nordic states, from the early nineteenth century onwards. However, the examination of the adjusted silver wages suggests convergence among the Nordic economies by the end of the eighteenth century. Therefore, we argue, no single Nordic Model emerged from these development patterns, even though the Nordic states today do have striking similarities. Furthermore, they diverged from the West European growth path until the twentieth century, thus they were a part of the Little Divergence at Europe’s other peripheries. The world wars and other crises delayed the full impacts of the convergence process until the latter part of the twentieth century.

Bruno, Lars Christian (2021)

Natural resources and economic growth: comparing nineteenth century Scandinavia and twentieth century Southeast Asia

Scandinavian Economic History Review Doi: 10.1080/03585522.2021.1984298

This paper aims to bridge part of the gap that exists between the resource curse literature and economic historical research on natural resources by analysing four resource-abundant countries. The study proposes that at the sectoral level, the determinants of growth in resource-based industries were mostly similar in the late 19th and late 20th centuries. However, we also argue that the relative contribution of natural resources to economic growth might have been declining during the late twentieth century. The evidence comes from an analysis of the forestry sector in Finland and Sweden between 1860 and 1910 and the palm oil industry in Indonesia and Malaysia between 1970 and 2016.

Bruno, Lars Christian & Steen, Riana (2021)

Norwegian oil market concentration and its effects on the oil service companies 1993–2013

Scottish Journal of Political Economy Doi: 10.1111/sjpe.12304

This paper explores the effect of market concentration of the Norwegian oil production sector (NPS) on Norway's second- largest industry, the oilfield services companies (OFS). To capture this effect, we use the system generalized method of moments approach (GMM) to estimate an em-pirical model, spanning the period 1993– 2013. The findings indicate that increased market concentration is consistent with lower profitability of the oilfield services companies, as the bargaining power of oil companies relative to service companies increases. Increased knowledge about this effect could contribute to improving strategies for the further de-velopment of these industries by stakeholders

Bruno, Lars Christian (2017)

Palm oil plantation productivity during the establishment of the Malaysian refinery sector 1970–1990

Economic History of Developing Regions, 32(3), s. 221- 269. Doi: 10.1080/20780389.2017.1343660 - Full text in research archive

Eloranta, Jari; Ojala, Jari, Pehkonen, Jaakko & Bruno, Lars Christian (2016)

Equality and Convergence in Nordic Societies in the Long Run: Europe and Other Comparative Mirrors

ANU Centre for European Studies Briefing Paper Series

Bruno, Lars Christian & Tenold, Stig (2011)

The Basis for South Korea's Ascent in the Shipbuilding Industry, 1970-1990

Mariner's Mirror, 97(3), s. 201- 217. Doi: 10.1080/00253359.2011.10708948

Bruno, Lars Christian (2019)

Resource-based industrialization revisited

[Academic lecture]. 44th Annual Economic and Business History Society Conference.

Bruno, Lars Christian (2019)

Productivity Growth in Resource-Rich Economies

[Academic lecture]. The UiS Business School Wednesday Seminars.

Bruno, Lars Christian (2019)

Dynamic comparative advantage in the palm oil industry in Indonesia and Malaysia: Is Indonesia catching-up with Malaysia?

[Academic lecture]. Research Seminar in Economic and Social History.

Bruno, Lars Christian (2019)

Palm oil: Is Indonesia strengthening its comparative advantage in resource processing relative to Malaysia?

[Academic lecture]. 1st Annual Conference of the Scandinavian Society for Economic and Social History.

Bruno, Lars Christian (2018)

Natural resources, technology and production

[Academic lecture]. Research Seminar in Economic and Social History.

Bruno, Lars Christian (2018)

Natural resources, technology and production

[Academic lecture]. Research Seminar in Economic and Social History.

Bruno, Lars Christian; Eloranta, Jari & Ojala, Jari (2018)

Equality and Convergence in the Nordic Societies in the Long Run: Europe and Other Comparative Mirrors

[Academic lecture]. 43th Annual Economic and Business History Society Conference.

Bruno, Lars Christian (2018)

Palm oil: Is Indonesia strengthening its comparative advantage in resource processing relative to Malaysia?

[Academic lecture]. 43th Annual Economic and Business History Society Conference.

Bruno, Lars Christian & Steen, Riana (2016)

Oil supply industry 1980-2014

[Academic lecture]. 41st Annual Economic and Business History Society Conference.

Bruno, Lars Christian (2016)

Palm oil industry 1970-2010: Do we see a flying geese pattern emerging?

[Academic lecture]. Economic History Society Annual Conference 1-3 April 2016.

Bruno, Lars Christian (2015)

Resource led growth across space and time

[Academic lecture]. 40th Annual Economic and Business History Society Conference.

Tenold, Stig & Bruno, Lars Christian (2010)

The basis for South Korea’s ascent in the shipbuilding industry, 1970-90

[Academic lecture]. EBHA 2010.

Academic Degrees
Year Academic Department Degree
2014 Norwegian School of Economics PhD
2006 Norwegian School of Economics Master of Science
Work Experience
Year Employer Job Title
2014 - Present BI Norwegian Business School Associate professor
2016 - 2019 University of Stavanger Associate professor II
2011 - 2014 BI Norwegian Business School Lecturer
2007 - 2011 Norwegian School of Economics PhD Student
2009 - 2010 Norwegian School of Economics Teaching Assistant
2006 - 2006 Norwegian School of Economics Student Assistant