Faculty Profile

Olav Kjellevold Olsen

Associate Professor - Campus Bergen

Department of Leadership and Organizational Behaviour

Publications

Nordmo, Morten; Olsen, Olav Kjellevold, Hetland, Jørn, Espevik, Roar, bakker, arnold bastiaan & Pallesen, Ståle (2019)

Daily sleep quality and naval work performance: the role of leadership

International Maritime Health, 70(4), s. 202- 209. Doi: 10.5603/IMH.2019.0032

Background: Poor sleep is a growing concern in naval settings. Previous research has demonstrated that both civilian and military naval work strains sleep quality as well as a negative relationship between sleep quality and crew work performance. Variables moderating this relationship, such as leadership are of interest. Materials and methods: The present paper investigates how sailors’ daily variations in sleep quality influence self-rated naval work-performance and interacts with perceived daily transformational leadership during a 30-day naval training mission. Results: Using multi-level analysis, we found significant positive main effects of sleep quality and transformational leadership on naval work performance. Transformational leadership moderated the sleep quality-work performance link. Individuals who experienced higher levels of leadership were less prone to reductions in performance after poor sleep. Conclusions: Overall, the results suggest that leadership can partly negate some of the reduction in performance that often accompanies poor sleep, and that leadership becomes more important as the crew becomes sleepier

Nordmo, Morten; Olsen, Olav Kjellevold, Hetland, Jørn, Pallesen, Ståle & Espevik, Roar (2019)

It's been a hard day's night: A diary study on hardiness and reduced sleep quality among naval sailors

Personality and Individual Differences

Johnsen, Bjørn Helge; Saus-Rose, Evelyn, Espevik, Roar, Sanden, Sverre & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2019)

The indirect effect of experience between personality hardiness and situational awareness

Necesse, 4(1), s. 147- 160. Doi: 10.21339/2464-353x.4.1.3

Studies on the relation between personality and Situation Awareness (SA) have been inconclusive. The present study investigates the relation between personality hardiness and SA during a simulated police scenario using a mediation approach. One hundred and sixty-seven police officers completed the test in a scenario with the arrest of a suspected perpetrator. The results showed a direct relationship neither between hardiness and SA, nor a total effect of the model tested. However, an indirect relationship between hardiness and SA, through the amount of annual operational training, beyond mandatory training, occurred. This indirect effect of training occurred for the total hardiness score, and for the control dimension on the facet level of the Dispositional Resilience Scale (15 items). The findings were interpreted as police officers high on hardiness being more motivated and engaged in voluntary operational training. By being more involved in training, they were gaining more experience in perceiving and interpreting critical stimuli in operational scenarios. Thus, the findings of an indirect effect was seen as a result of the relationship between experience and SA.

Hoprekstad, Øystein Løvik; Hetland, Jørn, Bakker, Arnold B., Olsen, Olav Kjellevold, Espevik, Roar, Wessel, Martin & Einarsen, Ståle (2019)

How long does it last? Prior victimization from workplace bullying moderates the relationship between daily exposure to negative acts and subsequent depressed mood

European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 28(2), s. 164- 178. Doi: 10.1080/1359432X.2018.1564279

Pallesen, Ståle; Olsen, Olav Kjellevold, Eide, Elisabeth Mong, Nortvedt, Benedicte, Grønli, Janne, Larøi, Frank, Nordmo, Morten & Glomlien, Fride E. (2018)

Sleep deprivation and hallucinations. A qualitative study of military personnel.

Military Psychology, 30(5), s. 430- 436. Doi: 10.1080/08995605.2018.1478561

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2018)

Effective Cooperation Between Strangers in Unexpected and Dangerous Situations – A Matter of “Swift Trust”

Torgersen, Glenn-Egil (red.). Interaction: ‘Samhandling’ Under Risk: A Step Ahead of the Unforeseen

Matthiesen, Stig Berge & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2018)

Seksuell trakassering i operative miljøer

Necesse, 3(1), s. 58- 69. Doi: 10.21339/2464-353x.3.1.58

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2018)

The good, the bad or the ugly. Ein undersøking om betydninga av å oppleve seg som moralsk god i militære operasjonar – og implikasjonar for operativt lederskap.

Necesse, 3(1), s. 19- 31. Doi: 10.21339/2464-353x.3.1.19

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold; Harris, Anette & Hystad, Sigurd William (2018)

God under press. En operasjonalisering av moralsk robusthet i krevende operative Situasjoner

Necesse, 3(1), s. 72- 82. Doi: 10.21339/2464-353x.3.1.72

Espevik, Roar; Olsen, Olav Kjellevold & Waaler, Gudmund (2018)

God når det gjelder? Søken etter nye svar på gamle spørsmål

Bodoni forlag.

Myrseth, Helga; Hystad, Sigurd William, Säfvenbom, Reidar & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2018)

Perception of specific military skills – the impact of perfectionism and self-efficacy

Journal of Military Studies Doi: 10.2478/jms-2018-0002 - Full text in research archive

We investigated the development of specific military skills in Norwegian cadets during the three-year military academy training as well as the impact of perfectionism and self-efficacy on the development of these skills. Latent growth-curve models were performed with perfectionism as a time-invariant predictor and with self-efficacy as a time-varying predictor. There were significant increases in the Individual Coping Capacity (ICC) and Cooperation in Difficult Situations (CDS) subscales but not in the Motivation to Achievement (MA) subscale. The initial skill levels were not related to the growth of the skills. Both adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism predicted initial values of ICC and CDS, explaining 5% of the variance in the initial ICC levels and 12% of the variance in the initial CDS levels. Perfectionism variables did not explain the development of the three types of military skills over time. Moreover, self-efficacy significantly predicted ICC at all time points and CDS and MA at all time points except at T3. We therefore concluded that cadets with high adaptive perfectionism scores are likely to have higher initial skill levels and that self-efficacious cadets are expected to show a greater development of military skills during military academy training.

Bakker, Arnold B.; Hetland, Jørn, Olsen, Olav Kjellevold & Espevik, Roar (2018)

Daily strengths use and employee well‐being: The moderating role of personality

Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, s. 1- 25. Doi: 10.1111/joop.12243

Nordmo, Morten; Olsen, Olav Kjellevold, Rosseland, Ragna, Blågestad, Tone Fidje & Pallesen, Ståle (2018)

A Brief Report on a Reduced Preference for Passive-Avoidant Leadership After a Restless Night

Frontiers in Psychology, 9, s. 1- 5. Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01888 - Full text in research archive

Myrseth, Helga; Olsen, Olav Kjellevold, Borud, Einar Kristian & Strand, Leif Åge (2017)

Predictors of gaming behavior among military peacekeepers - exploring the role of boredom and loneliness in relation to gaming problems

Journal of Military Studies, 8(1) Doi: 10.1515/jms-2017-0001 - Full text in research archive

Myrseth, Helga; Notelaers, Guy, Strand, Leif Åge, Borud, Einar Kristian & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2017)

Introduction of a new instrument to measure motivation for gaming: the electronic gaming motives questionnaire

Addiction, 112(9), s. 1658- 1668. Doi: 10.1111/add.13874

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold & Espevik, Roar (2017)

Moral antecedents of authentic leadership: Do moral justice reasoning, self-importance of moral identity and psychological hardiness stimulate authentic leadership?

Cogent Psychology, 4(1) Doi: 10.1080/23311908.2017.1382248 - Full text in research archive

Espevik, Roar; Olsen, Olav Kjellevold & Saus, Evelyn-Rose (2017)

Exploring the core of crew resource management course: speak up or stay silent

International Maritime Health, 68(2), s. 126- 132. Doi: 10.5603/IMH.2017.0023

Johnsen, Bjørn Helge; Espevik, Roar, Saus-Rose, Evelyn, Sanden, Sverre, Olsen, Olav Kjellevold & Hystad, Sigurd William (2017)

Hardiness as a Moderator and Motivation for Operational Duties as Mediator: the Relation Between Operational Self-Efficacy, Performance Satisfaction, and Perceived Strain in a Simulated Police Training Scenario

Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 32(4), s. 331- 339. Doi: 10.1007/s11896-017-9225-1

Myrseth, Helga; Olsen, Olav Kjellevold, Strand, Leif Åge & Borud, Einar Kristian (2017)

Gaming behavior among conscripts: The role of lower psychosocial well-being factors in explaining gaming addiction

Military Psychology, 29(2), s. 128- 142. Doi: 10.1037/mil0000148

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold; Pallesen, Ståle, Torsheim, Torbjørn & Espevik, Roar (2016)

The effect of sleep deprivation on leadership behaviour in military officers: an experimental study

Journal of Sleep Research, 25(6), s. 683- 689. Doi: 10.1111/jsr.12431

Johnsen, Bjørn Helge; Espevik, Roar, Saus-Rose, Evelyn, Sanden, Sverre & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2016)

Note on a training program for brief decision making for frontline police officers

Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 31(3), s. 182- 188. Doi: 10.1007/s11896-015-9180-7

Hystad, Sigurd William; Olsen, Olav Kjellevold, Espevik, Roar & Säfvenbom, Reidar (2015)

On the stability of psychological hardiness: A three-year longitudinal study

Military Psychology, 27(3), s. 155- 168. Doi: 10.1037/mil0000069

More than 30 years of research has established psychological hardiness as an important individual resiliency resource. One important question still remaining is whether psychological hardiness can be trained. The present study explored this question longitudinally within the context of a 3-year military academy training program. Cadets from 3 different Norwegian military academies (N = 293) completed hardiness questionnaires during the first week of their training, and then again at the end of each year, resulting in a total of 4 waves of data. Using hierarchical linear modeling, no statistically significant effect of time on hardiness scores was found. The nonsignificant growth parameter was examined further using Bayesian statistics as an indicator of the relative evidence for the null hypothesis of no change over time versus the alternative hypothesis of change. The resulting Bayes factor provided substantial support in our data for the null hypothesis of no hardiness development during the 3-year officer training programs.

Espevik, Roar & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2013)

A new model for understanding teamwork onboard: the shipmate model

International Maritime Health, 64(2), s. 89- 94.

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold; Pallesen, Ståle & Espevik, Roar (2013)

The impact of partial sleep deprivation on military naval officers' ability to anticipate moral and tactical problems in a simulated maritime combat operation

International Maritime Health, 64(2), s. 61- 65.

Breevaart, Kimberley; Bakker, Arnold B., Hetland, Jørn, Demerouti, Evangelia, Olsen, Olav Kjellevold & Espevik, Roar (2013)

Daily transactional and transformational leadership and daily employee engagement

Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 87(1), s. 138- 157. Doi: 10.1111/joop.12041

Brandebo, Maria Fors; Sjöberg, Misa, Larsson, Ulf Gerry, Eid, Jarle & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2013)

Trust in a military context: What contributes to trust in superior and subordinate leaders?

Journal of Trust Research, 3(2), s. 125- 145. Doi: 10.1080/21515581.2013.820029

The aim was to explore which components military personnel in peacekeeping operations perceive as contributing to trust in their superior and subordinate leaders during international or national operations or exercises. Data were collected among 591 military officers and cadets from Norway and Sweden using a questionnaire with open-ended questions. Two superior categories emerged: Individual-Related Characteristics and Communication and Relationship-Related Characteristics. The former is made up of the higher-level categories Personal attributes and Experience and competence. The latter is derived from the higher-level categories Consideration and inspiration and Effective communication. In turn, all higher-level categories are underpinned by a number of subcategories (13 altogether). When comparing trust in superior leaders with trust in subordinate leaders, the results show that trust in superiors is characterised to a greater extent by Communication and Relationship-related characteristics and also by Experience and professional knowledge. Trust in subordinate leaders is characterised to a greater extent by Personal attributes and Management competence.

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold; Myrseth, Helga, Eidhamar, Are & Hystad, Sigurd William (2012)

Psychometric properties of a four-component Norwegian organizational justice scale

Psychological Reports, 110(2), s. 571- 588. Doi: 10.2466/01.08.14.PR0.110.2.571-588

Johnsen, Bjørn Helge; Meeus, Philippine, Meling, John, Rogde, Torbjørn, Eid, Jarle, Espevik, Roar, Olsen, Olav Kjellevold & Pettersen, Jan Sommerfelt (2012)

Cultural differences in emotional intelligence among top officers on board merchant ships

International Maritime Health, 63(2), s. 90- 95.

The current research investigated cultural differences in emotional intelligence among top officers on board vessels of multicultural maritime companies. We found that Southeast Asian officers scored higher than European officers on the total Emotional Intelligence scale. When separating the EQ scale in its facets, higher scores for Asian officers were found on “Utilization of emotions”, “Handling relationships”, and on “Self-control”. Another finding was that Chief officers/ Second engineers scored higher than Masters/Chief Officers on “Self-control”. Finally, we found a negative correlation between age and scores on the facet of “Self-control”. These crosscultural differences may have implications for interpersonal relations and ship management.

Hyllengren, Peder; Larsson, Ulf Gerry, Fors, Maria, Sjöberg, Misa, Eid, Jarle & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2011)

Trust at First Sight: Swift Trust in Leaders in Temporary Military Groups

Team Performance Management, 17, s. 354- 368. Doi: 10.1108/13527591111182625

Purpose – The study seeks to illuminate factors that benefit, or do not benefit, the development of swift trust towards leaders in temporary military groups. Design/methodology/approach – The study group comprised 50 Norwegian cadets, 34 Norwegian military officers, 317 Swedish cadets, and 190 Swedish military officers. Data were gathered using a questionnaire which included two open-ended questions on aspects which contribute to swift trust (and lack thereof) towards leaders, as well as Likert-scale questions on temporary group characteristics, and a personality inventory. Findings – A qualitative clustering analysis of the open-ended responses yielded a hierarchical model of aspects which contribute to swift trust (or the lack thereof) with the following two superior categories: individual-related characteristics such as emotional stability and relationship-related characteristics such as encourage involvement and creativity. The latter superior category covaried most strongly with ratings of the groups' performance. Research limitations/implications – The results need to be substantiated by further research in other professional groups and cultures. Practical implications – The findings can help leaders of temporary groups become more conscious of how they may affect the group members' development of swift trust. Originality/value – The hierarchical and detailed model of aspects which contribute to swift trust in leaders of temporary groups is new.

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold; Eid, Jarle & Larsson, Ulf Gerry (2010)

A field study of leader justice behavior in a morally intense operational context

Military Psychology, 22, s. S137- S156. Doi: 10.1080/08995601003644437

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold; Pallesen, Ståle & Eid, Jarle (2010)

The impact of partial sleep deprivation on moral reasoning in military officers

Sleep, 33(8), s. 1086- 1090.

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold; Eid, Jarle & Johnsen, Bjørn Helge (2006)

Moral behavior and transformational leadership in Norwegian naval cadets

Military Psychology, 18, s. S37- S56.

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold & Waaler, Gudmund (1)

Aldri mer 22. juli. Ledelse, beredskap og trening

Pacem : militært tidsskrift for etisk og teologisk refleksjon [Kronikk]

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold; Hystad, Sigurd William, Søreide, christian & Heesch, Phillip v. (2020)

Trust after just 45 seconds? An experimental vignette study of how leader behavior and emotional states influence immediate trust in strangers

[Article in business/trade/industry journal]. Frontiers in Psychology Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02921

Zahlquist, Lena; Hetland, Jørn, Einarsen, Ståle, Bakker, Arnold B., Hoprekstad, Øystein Løvik, Espevik, Roar & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2019)

Daily interpersonal conflicts and exposure to daily negative acts: The moderating role of trait anger and trait anxiety

[Academic lecture]. 19th EAWOP Congress.

Sørlie, Henrik; Hetland, Jørn, Bakker, Arnold B., Espevik, Roar & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2019)

The relationship between Work Autonomy and daily Contextual Performance: The moderating role of Person-Organization Fit

[Academic lecture]. EAWOP 2019.

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold & Eid, Jarle (2018)

Operativ ledelse- en introduksjon

Eid, Jarle & Johnsen, Bjørn Helge (red.). Operativ psykologi- 3.utgave

Hoprekstad, Øystein Løvik; Bakker, Arnold B., Olsen, Olav Kjellevold, Espevik, Roar, Wessel, Martin & Einarsen, Ståle (2017)

The Vicious Cycle of Bullying: How to Exposure to Negative Acts Undermines well-Being

[Academic lecture]. EAWOP 2017.

Hetland, Jørn; Bakker, Arnold B., Espevik, Roar & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2016)

interpersonal conflocts and daily negative and positive affect: exploring the moderating role of neuroticism

[Academic lecture]. 13th europeen academy of occupational health psychology.

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2016)

Sleep deprivation and leadership

[Academic lecture]. International Congress of Psychology 2016.

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2016)

Morals and authentic leadership

[Academic lecture]. International Congress of Psychology 2016.

Hetland, Jørn; Bakker, Arnold B., Hetland, Hilde, Espevik, Roar & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2015)

Does authentic leaders enhance followers daily job crafting behaviors? exploring the mediating role of autonomy and organizational justice

[Academic lecture]. 17th congress of EWOP.

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold & Eid, Jarle (2015)

Operativ ledelse

Einarsen, Ståle & Skogstad, Anders (red.). Ledelse på godt og vondt. Effektivitet og trivsel

Bakker, Arnold B.; Hetland, Jørn, Olsen, Olav Kjellevold & Espevik, Roar (2013)

When does work engagement foster performance? A diary study among naval cadets

[Academic lecture]. 16th Congress of the European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology.

Einarsen, Ståle & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2012)

Self-image as a moderator of the relationship between exposure to acts of workplace bullying and negative affect - a diary study among naval officers

[Academic lecture]. The 8th international conference on workplace bullying and harassment - future challenges.

Hetland, Jørn & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2012)

Is passive avoidant and machiavellian leadership behaviours related to followers' psychological need satisfaction on a daily basis

[Academic lecture]. The 8th international conference on workplace bullying and harassment - future challenges.

Olsen, Olav Kjellevold; Eid, Jarle & Johnsen, Bjørn Helge (2008)

Is There a Morals Component in Transformational Leadership?

[Academic lecture]. the American Psychological Association annual convention.

Eid, Jarle; Olsen, Olav Kjellevold & Johnsen, Bjørn Helge (2006)

Moral behaviour and transformational leadership

[Academic lecture]. Congress of Applied Psychology.

Academic Degrees
Year Academic Department Degree
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